Two Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District students have been confirmed as having had the H1N1 virus. Both students were seen by medical officials, treated and cleared to return to school.

Jacques Trevino, attorney for the ECISD, told the Edinburg Review that one student was an elementary student and the other a middle school student. Due to confidentiality laws, the student’s names were not released and no other information revealed. “Both students tested positive and were under the care of their doctors,” said Trevino. Trevino said the students felt ill and were tested. Both cases were sent to for testing as suspected cases. Trevino said they had a school district meeting and were advised by the Hidalgo Health Deapartment and the Centers for Disease Control about the cases. They were informed students posed no risk to other students and were released by their doctor. “The school district took precaution,” he said. “We reviewed procedures and school nurses were on alert, made sure to look out for students.” As of May 19, 37 cases of the H1N1 flu have been confirmed in Hidalgo County, according to the Texas Department of State Health Services. A total of 694 cases have been confirmed statewide. Copy of PRESS RELEASE from Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District: Edinburg Consolidated Independent School District has been informed that two students were confirmed as having had the H1 N1 virus. Both students have been assessed by medical officials, treated, and cleared to return to their respective schools. Following along the guidelines set by Center for Disease Control (CDC), the Texas Education Agency, and local health department officials, Edinburg schools will remain open. Edinburg CISD has and will continue to follow CDC and state health recommendations for flu prevention.   Key facts about the H1N1 flu from the Centers for Disease Control: Swine Flu

What is Swine Influenza?

Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Swine flu viruses cause high levels of illness and low death rates in pigs. Swine influenza viruses may circulate among swine throughout the year, but most outbreaks occur during the late fall and winter months similar to outbreaks in humans. The classical swine flu virus (an influenza type A H1N1 virus) was first isolated from a pig in 1930.

How many swine flu viruses are there?

Like all influenza viruses, swine flu viruses change constantly. Pigs can be infected by avian influenza and human influenza viruses as well as swine influenza viruses. When influenza viruses from different species infect pigs, the viruses can reassort (i.e. swap genes) and new viruses that are a mix of swine, human and/or avian influenza viruses can emerge. Over the years, different variations of swine flu viruses have emerged. At this time, there are four main influenza type A virus subtypes that have been isolated in pigs: H1N1, H1N2, H3N2, and H3N1. However, most of the recently isolated influenza viruses from pigs have been H1N1 viruses.

Swine Flu in Humans

Can humans catch swine flu?

Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans. However, sporadic human infections with swine flu have occurred. Most commonly, these cases occur in persons with direct exposure to pigs (e.g. children near pigs at a fair or workers in the swine industry). In addition, there have been documented cases of one person spreading swine flu to others. For example, an outbreak of apparent swine flu infection in pigs in Wisconsin in 1988 resulted in multiple human infections, and, although no community outbreak resulted, there was antibody evidence of virus transmission from the patient to health care workers who had close contact with the patient.

How common is swine flu infection in humans?

In the past, CDC received reports of approximately one human swine influenza virus infection every one to two years in the U.S., but from December 2005 through February 2009, 12 cases of human infection with swine influenza have been reported.

What are the symptoms of swine flu in humans?

The symptoms of swine flu in people are expected to be similar to the symptoms of regular human seasonal influenza and include fever, lethargy, lack of appetite and coughing. Some people with swine flu also have reported runny nose, sore throat, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.